Criminal Law

Application of the Doctrine of Last Seen In Homicide Trials in Nigeria Criminal Justice System

The offence of murder is not alien to us, and as such our laws in its form of dynamism have devised means to curb such menace in society. One of these means of getting rid of murder in our society is through the instrumentality of the 'doctrine of last seen'. This presumption of fact known as the doctrine of last seen, which is based on circumstantial evidence, was developed by the Supreme Court. Statutorily, this presumption could be found in section 167 of the Evidence Act.

Identification Parade and Its Usefulness in the Criminal Justice System

In criminal cases, the crucial issue is usually not whether an offence has been committed or not. Usually, controversy rages over the identification of the person or persons accused as the actual perpetrators of the offence charged. It is possible that a mass arrest has been made in connection to an offence committed and the victim of the crime is not able to pinpoint the suspect.

An Appraisal of the Application of Plea-Bargaining Procedure in the Nigerian Criminal Justice System

While plea bargaining has the potential to improve the efficiency of the Nigerian criminal justice system, there are also valid concerns about its potential to undermine the principles of fairness and justice. As such, it is important to ensure that any use of plea bargaining is carefully regulated and monitored to prevent abuse and to ensure that the rights of defendants are protected.