Regulations in Nigeria’s tax system are overly complex, distorted, and generally unfair because they apply only to certain parts of the economic system.
Tax compliance is a labour-intensive and time-consuming process, often involving a lot of paper work and professionals, thereby driving up costs. The tax payer would ordinarily collate, prepare, and submit their returns, also calculating and deducting their allowable where applicable, while the tax authorities verify, cleanse, and validate the returns before the process is completed. This process drives up costs and needlessly consumes the time of the taxpayers and the authorities. There’s also the unending battle between taxpayers and authorities in interpreting and applying tax laws, leading to indecision and risks of audits and even litigation.
The Petroleum Industry Act (The Act), 2021 (PIA) seeks to introduce far-reaching reforms in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry aimed at establishing good governance, best practices, and the ease of doing business by clarifying roles and responsibilities of officials and institutions, enabling frontier exploration, improving environmental compliance, and transforming the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) into a commercially viable enterprise.